LBLRTM



Principal References

Clough, S. A., M. W. Shephard, E. J. Mlawer, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Iacono, K. Cady-Pereira, S. Boukabara, and P. D. Brown, Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes, Short Communication, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer
, 91, 233-244, 2005.

Clough, S.A., M.J. Iacono, and J.-L. Moncet, Line-by-line calculation of atmospheric fluxes and cooling rates:Application to water vapor.J. Geophys. Res., 97, 15761-15785, 1992.

Line Parameter References

Please see our AER Line Parameter References page.

Ground-based Validation References

Delamere, J. S., S.A. Clough, V. H. Payne, E. J. Mlawer, D. D.Turner and R. R. Gamache, A far-infrared radiative closure study in the Arctic: Application to water vapor, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D17106, doi:10.1029/2009JD012968, 2010.

Shephard, M.W., A. Goldman, S.A. Clough, and E.J. Mlawer, Spectroscopic improvements providing evidence of formic acid in AERI-LBLRTM validation spectra, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 82, 383-390, 2003.

Satellite-based Validation References

Alvarado, M. J., Payne, V. H., Cady-Pereira, K. E., Hegarty, J. D., Kulawik, S. S., Wecht, K. J., Worden, J. R., Pittman, J. V., and Wofsy, S. C.: Impacts of updated spectroscopy on thermal infrared retrievals of methane evaluated with HIPPO data, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 965-985, doi:10.5194/amt-8-965-2015, 2015.

Alvarado, M. J., Payne, V. H., Mlawer, E. J., Uymin, G., Shephard, M. W., Cady-Pereira, K. E., Delamere, J. S., and Moncet, J.-L.: Performance of the Line-By-Line Radiative Transfer Model (LBLRTM) for temperature, water vapor, and trace gas retrievals: recent updates evaluated with IASI case studies, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 6687-6711, doi:10.5194/acp-13-6687-2013, 2013.

Shephard, M.W., S.A. Clough, V.H. Payne, W. L. Smith, S. Kireev, and K. E. Cady-Pereira, Performance of the line-by-line radiative transfer model (LBLRTM) for temperature and species retrievals: IASI case studies from JAIVEx, Atmos. Chem. Phys..
, 9, 7397-7417, 2009.

MT_CKD Water Vapor Continuum References

Mlawer, E. J., V. H. Payne, J.-L. Moncet, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Alvarado and D. D. Tobin, Development and recent evaluation of the MT_CKD model of continuum absorption, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A, 370, 1-37, doi:10.1098:rsta.2011.0295, 2012.

Delamere, J. S., S.A. Clough, V. H. Payne, E. J. Mlawer, D. D.Turner and R. R. Gamache, A far-infrared radiative closure study in the Arctic: Application to water vapor, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D17106, doi:10.1029/2009JD012968, 2010.

Payne, V. H., E. J. Mlawer, K.E. Cady-Pereira and J-L. Moncet, Water vapor continuum absorption in the microwave, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens, 49(6), 2194-2208, doi 10.1109/TGRS.2010.209141, 2011.


Other Historical Algorithm References

Clough, S.A. and M.J. Iacono, Line-by-line calculations of atmospheric fluxes and cooling rates II: Application to carbon dioxide, ozone, methane, nitrous oxide, and the halocarbons. J. Geophys. Res., 100, 16,519-16,535, 1995.

Clough, S. A., F. X. Kneizys, and R. W. Davies: Line shape and the water vapor continuum, Atmos. Res., 23, 229-241, 1989.

Clough, S.A., F.X. Kneizys, L.S. Rothman and W.O. Gallery, Atmospheric spectral transmittance and radiance:FASCOD1B, In Proceedings of the SPIE
, 277, 152, 1981.

Clough, S.A. and F.X. Kneizys, Convolution algorithm for the lorentz function, Applied Optics, 18, 2329, 1979.

Other Publications

Clerbaux
, C., P. Chazette, J. Hadji-Lazaro, G. Megie, J.-F. Moeller, and S.A. Clough, Remote sensing of CO, CH4 and O3 using a space-borne nadir-viewing interferometer,  J. Geophys. Res., 108, 18999-19013, 1998.

Feldman, D.R., P.J. Gero,W.D. Collins, M.S. Torn,E.J.Mlawer,T.R. Shippert, Observational Determination of Surface Radiative Forcing by CO2 from 2000 to 2010, Nature, 519, 339-343, doi:10.1038/nature14240, 2015.
Han, Y., J.A. Shaw, J.H. Churnside, P.D. Brown, and S.A. Clough, Infrared spectral radiance measurements in the tropical Pacific atmosphere J. Geophys. Res., 102, 4,353-4,356, 1997.

Iacono, M.J., and S.A. Clough, Application of infrared interferometer spectrometer clear sky spectral radiance to investigation ofclimate variability, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 29,439-29,460, 1996.

Mlawer,
E.J. and D. D. Turner, Spectral radiation measurements and analysis in the ARM Program. The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program: The First 20 Years, Meteor. Monograph, 57, Amer. Meteor. Soc., doi:10.1175/ AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-15-0027.1., 2016.

Mlawer, E.J., M.J. Iacono, R. Pincus, H.W. Barker, L. Oreopoulos and D.L. Mitchell, Contributions of the ARM Program to Radiative Transfer Modeling for Climate and Weather Applications, The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program: The First 20 Years, Meteor. Monograph, 57, Amer. Meteor. Soc., doi:10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-15-0041.1, 2016.

Mlawer, E.J., P.D. Brown, S.A. Clough, L.C. Harrison, J.J. Michalsky, P.W. Kiedron, and T. Shippert, Comparison of spectral direct and diffuse solar irradiance measurements and calculations for cloud-free conditions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 2653-2656, 2000.

Mlynczak, M. G., et al., The spectroscopic foundation of radiative forcing of climate by carbon dioxide, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, doi:10.1002/ 2016GL068837, 2016.

Mlawer, E.J., S.A. Clough, P.D. Brown, T.M. Stephens, J.C. Landry, A. Goldman, and F.J. Murcray, Observed atmospheric collision induced absorption in near infrared oxygen bands, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 3859-3863, 1998.

Mlawer, E.J., S.J. Taubman, P.D. Brown, M.J. Iacono, and S.A. Clough, Radiative transfer for inhomogeneous atmospheres: RRTM, a validated correlated-k model for the longwave, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 16,663-16,682, 1997.

Moncet, J.-L., and S.A. Clough, Accelerated monochromatic radiative transfer for scattering atmospheres: Application of a new model to spectral radiance observations, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 21,853-21,866, 1997.

Pincus, R., et al., Radiative flux and forcing parameterization error in aerosol-free clear skies, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 5485-5492, doi:10.1002/2015GL064291, 2015.

Oreopoulos, L., E. Mlawer, J. Delamere, T. Shippert, J. Cole, B. Fomin, M. Iacono, Z. Jin, J. Li, J. Manners, P. Raisanen, F. Rose, Y. Zhang, M. J. Wilson, W. Rossow, The Continual Intercomparison of Radiation Codes: Results from phase I, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D06118, doi:10.1029/2011JD016821, 2012.

Philipona, R., E.G. Dutton, T. Stoffel, J. Michalsky, I. Reda, A. Stifter, P. Wendling, N. Wood, S.A. Clough, E.J. Mlawer, G. Anderson, H.E. Revercomb, and T.R. Shippert, Atmospheric longwave irradiance uncertainty: Pyrgeometers compared to an Absolute Sky-scanning Radiometer, AERI, and radiative transfer model calculations, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 28129-28141, 2001.

Tobin, D.C., F.A. Best, P.D. Brown, S.A. Clough, R.G. Dedecker, R.G. Ellingson, R.K. Garcia, H.B. Howell, R.O. Knuteson, E.J. Mlawer, H.E. Revercomb, J.F. Short, P.F. van Delst, and V.P. Walden, Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA Ice Station: Water vapor continuum measurements from 17-26 micrometer, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 2081-2092, 1999.

Turner, D.D., E.J. Mlawer, and H.E. Revercomb, Water vapor observations in the ARM program. The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program: The First 20 Years, Meteor. Monograph, 57, Amer. Meteor. Soc., doi:10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-15-0025.1, 2016.

Turner, D. D., and Coauthors, The QME AERI LBLRTM: A closure experiment for downwelling high spectral resolution infrared radiance, J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 2657–2675, 2004.


Atmospheric and Environmental Research