Continuum Model


Principal Reference for MT_CKD Continuum Model

Mlawer, E. J., V. H. Payne, J.-L. Moncet, J. S. Delamere, M. J. Alvarado and D. D. Tobin, Development and recent evaluation of the MT_CKD model of continuum absorption, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A, 370, 1-37, doi:10.1098:rsta.2011.0295, 2012.

MT_CKD Water Vapor Continuum Model

Delamere, J.S., S.A. Clough, V.H. Payne, E.J. Mlawer, D.D. Turner, and R.R. Gamache, A far-infrared radiative closure study in the Arctic: Application to water vapor, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D17106, doi: 10.1029/2009JD012968, 2010.

Payne, V. H., E. J. Mlawer, K.E. Cady-Pereira and J-L. Moncet, Water vapor continuum absorption in the microwave, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens, 49(6), 2194-2208, doi 10.1109/TGRS.2010.209141, 2011.

Principal Reference for CKD Water Vapor Continuum Model

Clough, S. A., F. X. Kneizys, and R. W. Davies: Line shape and the water vapor continuum, Atmos. Res., 23, 229-241, 1989.

Other Historical References for AER's Continuum Models

Clerbaux, C., P. Chazette, J. Hadji-Lazaro, G. Megie,J.-F. Moeller and S. A. Clough, Remote sensing of CO, CH4 and O3 using a space-borne nadir-viewing interferometer, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 18,999-19,013, 1998.

Clough, S.A. and M.J. Iacono (1995): Line-by-Line Calculations of Atmospheric Fluxes and Cooling Rates II: Application to Carbon Dioxide, Ozone, Methane, Nitrous Oxide, and the Halocarbons, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 16,519-16,535.

Clough, S.A., C.P. Rinsland and P.D. Brown (1995):  Retrieval of tropospheric ozone from simulations of nadir spectral radiances as observed from space, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 16,579-16,593.

Clough, S.A., M.J. Iacono, J.-L. Moncet (1992): Line-by-Line calculation of atmospheric fluxes and cooling rates: Application to water vapor, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 15761- 15785.

Clough, S.A., The Water Vapor Continuum and its Role in Remote Sensing, in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Vol. 2, 1995, OSA Technical Digest Series, (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1995), pp 76-78.

Clough, S.A., F.X. Kneizys, E.P. Shettle, and G.P. Anderson (1986): Atmospheric Radiance and Transmittance:  FASCOD2, Sixth Conference on Atmospheric Radiation, Williamsburg, Virginia, May 1986.

Clough, S.A., R.W. Davies and R.H. Tipping (1983):  The line shape for collisionally broadened molecular transitions:  A quantum theory satisfying the fluctuation dissipation theorem, Spectral Line Shapes, Editor:  K. Burnett, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin-New York 1983; also AFGL-TR-82-0281.

Clough, S.A., F.X. Kneizys, R. Davis, R. Gamache and R. Tipping: Theoretical line shape for H2O vapor:  Application to the continuum.  Atmospheric Water Vapor, edited by A. Deepak, T.D. Wilkerson and L.H. Ruhnke, 52, Academic Press, New York,1980.

Davies, R. W., R.H. Tipping, and S.A. Clough (1982): Dipole autocorrelation function for molecular pressure broadening: A quantum theory which satisfies the fluctuation dissipation theorem.  Phys. Rev. A, 26, 3378.

Han, Y., J.A. Shaw, J.H.Churnside, P.D. Brown and S. A. Clough (1997):  Infrared spectral Radiance measurements in the tropical Pacific atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res.,102, 4,353- 4,356.

Iacono, M.J. and S.A. Clough  (1996): Application of infrared interferometer spectrometer clear sky spectral radiance to investigation of climate variability, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 29,439-29,460.

Kneizys, F.X., E.P.Shettle, L.W. Abreu, J.H. Chetwynd, Jr., G.P. Anderson, W.O. Gallery, J.E.A. Selby, S.A. Clough and R.W. Fenn (1988):  USERS GUIDE TO LOWTRAN7, AFGL-TR-88-0177.

Kneizys, F.X., E.P.Shettle, W.O. Gallery, J.H. Chetwynd, Jr., L.W. Abreu,  J.E.A. Selby, S.A. Clough and R.W. Fenn (1983): ATMOSPHERIC TRANSMITTANCE/RADIANCE: COMPUTER CODE LOWTRAN6", AFGL-TR-83-0187.

Mlawer, E.J., S.A. Clough, P.D. Brown, T.M. Stephens, J.C. Landry, A. Goldman and F.J. Murcray (1998):  Observed Atmospheric Collision Induced Absorption in Near Infrared Oxygen Bands, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 3859-3863.

Mlawer, E.J., S.J. Taubman, P.D. Brown, M.J. Iacono and S.A. Clough (1997):  Radiative Transfer for Inhomogeneous Atmospheres:  RRTM, a Validated correlated-k model for the longwave, J. Geophys. Res.,102, 16,663-16,682.

Moncet, J.-L. and S.A. Clough (1997): Accelerated monochromatic radiative transfer for scattering atmospheres: Application of a new model to spectral radiance observations, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 21,853-21,866.

Tobin, D. C., F. A. Best, P. D. Brown, S. A. Clough, R. G. Dedecker, R. G. Ellingson, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, R. O. Knuteson, E. J. Mlawer, H. E. Revercomb, J. F. Short, P. F. van Delst, and V. P. Walden, Downwelling Spectral Radiance Observations at the SHEBA Ice Station: Water Vapor Continuum Measurements from 17-26 micrometer, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 2081-2092, 1999.

Turner, D. D., and Coauthors, The QME AERI LBLRTM: A closure experiment for downwelling high spectral resolution infrared radiance. J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 2657–2675, 2004.


Atmospheric and Environmental Research (AER)